Saturday, 3 December 2011

Shape Lesson plan


:  Mathematics
:  5 Cekal
:  36 pupils
:  1 hour
:  Shape and Space
Learning Area
:  Area  of Composite 2-D Shapes
Learning Objectives
:  Pupils will be taught to measure and calculate the area of 2-D shapes.
Learning Outcomes
:  Pupils will be able to
  1. Measure the area of composite 2-D shapes.
  2. Calculate the area of composite 2-D shapes.

Previous knowledge
:  Pupils had learnt how to measure perimeter of composite 2-D shapes.
Thinking Skills
Inculcation of values
:  Be grateful & appreciate the value of coins.
Teaching Aids
: Coins, white flip paper, pieces of manila card,marker, measuring tape, textbook , Power Point presentation, LCD projector.

Step / Duration
Teaching and Learning Activities
Set Induction
 (5 minutes)
Comparison between surfaces of coins.
- Pupils show a 10-sen coin and a 50-sen coin.
-Pupils point out the whole part of the respective faces of the coins.
-Pupils are guided to make comparison between both surfaces of the coins and find out which coin has a bigger surface and which coin has a smaller surface.
-Repeat the activity above by comparing surface of tables,books, pencil boxes and other things in the class.
KBKK: Comparing & contrasting


Teaching aid: coins.

Moral value:
Be grateful & appreciate the value of coins.
Step 1

(5 minutes)
Introduction of the concept area.

Calculation the area using arbitrary unit.
Based on the activity of set induction above, pupils are introduced to the concept of area by substituting the word ‘face (or surface)’ to ‘area’ so that the pupils can express that:

“Area is the size of the region or surface of a closed plane figure’.

-A geometrical board is displayed.  Pupils find the area by counting the number of squares included in the area shown:




Pupils are guided to express that :

Area   A is 3 square units
Area B is 5 square units.
Area C is 6 square units.

The following square cards are displayed one by one. Pupils find the area of each figure:


Teaching aid:
Geometrical board
Step 2:

(10 minutes)
Introduction of the standard unit of area as cm2
A square card of 1 cm x 1cm introduce cm2as one of the standard unit for are :

Width = 3cm




Length = 4cm




Area of a shaded square
 =  1cm x 1cm
 = 1 cm2

1 cmread as one square centimetre.

The square cards of composite 2-D shapes (refer to the attachment) are shown
Pupils are guided to express:
“Area A has 9 cm2 “
“Area B has 4 cm2 “
Total area is 13 cm2


Teaching aid:
Geometrical board
Step 3
(15 minutes)
Introduction the area formula for composite 2-D shape.
-A square card of 3cmx 5cm is displayed.
-Pupils find the area of the card by counting the number of squares in it.
-Pupils are then guided to find the measurement of length and breadth of the rectangle, and use the discovery method to obtain the area formula of a rectangle:

Are of rectangle = 5cmx3cm= 15cm2.

-Theabove steps repeated with square card of 2cm x 2cm until pupils obtain the area formula of a square.

-Both of the rectangle and square are combined to form a composite 2-D shape.
- Pupils add the area of rectangle and square to obtain the total area of the composite 2-D shape.

Teaching strategy : Discovery method

Step 4
( 20 minutes)
Group calculation of 2-D area.
-Teacher divides pupils into a group of 6.
-Each group will be given a different set of composite 2-D shapes with the measurement.
-Pupils calculate the area of the composite shapes.
-Pupils present their answer and teacher checks their answer.
Solving problems
Summary of the lesson
-Pupils summarize the lesson by explaining the area formula for rectangle and square.
-Teacher distributes the worksheet as a homework.
KBKK: Making summaries


Wednesday, 30 November 2011

Sunday, 9 October 2011

Children see---Children Do

Just to share with my readers,
Children see,Children Do,
It starts from you..
Parents are childs best or worst teacher,
Teach them the right way!!
You will be surprise what you can learn from them.

10 Golden Lessons From Steve Jobs

1. Steve Jobs said: “Innovation distinguishes between a leader and a follower.”
Innovation has no limits. The only limit is your imagination. It’s time for you to begin thinking out of the box. If you are involved in a growing industry, think of ways to become more efficient; more customer friendly; and easier to do business with. If you are involved in a shrinking industry – get out of it quick and change before you become obsolete; out of work; or out of business. And remember that procrastination is not an option here. Start innovating now!

2. Steve Jobs said: “Be a yardstick of quality. Some people aren’t used to an environment where excellence is expected.”

There is no shortcut to excellence. You will have to make the commitment to make excellence your priority. Use your talents, abilities, and skills in the best way possible and get ahead of others by giving that little extra. Live by a higher standard and pay attention to the details that really do make the difference. Excellence is not difficult – simply decide right now to give it your best shot – and you will be amazed with what life gives you back.

3. Steve Jobs said: “The only way to do great work is to love what you do. If you haven’t found it yet, keep looking. Don’t settle. As with all matters of the heart, you’ll know when you find it.”

I’ve got it down to four words: “Do what you love.” Seek out an occupation that gives you a sense of meaning, direction and satisfaction in life. Having a sense of purpose and striving towards goals gives life meaning, direction and satisfaction. It not only contributes to health and longevity, but also makes you feel better in difficult times. Do you jump out of bed on Monday mornings and look forward to the work week? If the answer is ‘no’ keep looking, you’ll know when you find it.
4. Steve Jobs said: “You know, we don’t grow most of the food we eat. We wear clothes other people make. We speak a language that other people developed. We use a mathematics that other people evolved… I mean, we’re constantly taking things. It’s a wonderful, ecstatic feeling to create something that puts it back in the pool of human experience and knowledge.”

Live in a way that is ethically responsible. Try to make a difference in this world and contribute to the higher good. You’ll find it gives more meaning to your life and it’s a great antidote to boredom. There is always so much to be done. And talk to others about what you are doing. Don’t preach or be self-righteous, or fanatical about it, that just puts people off, but at the same time, don’t be shy about setting an example, and use opportunities that arise to let others know what you are doing.

5. Steve Jobs said: “There’s a phrase in Buddhism, ‘Beginner’s mind.’ It’s wonderful to have a beginner’s mind.”

It is the kind of mind that can see things as they are, which step by step and in a flash can realize the original nature of everything. Beginner’s mind is Zen practice in action. It is the mind that is innocent of preconceptions and expectations, judgments and prejudices. Think of beginner’s mind as the mind that faces life like a small child, full of curiosity and wonder and amazement.
6. Steve Jobs said: “We think basically you watch television to turn your brain off, and you work on your computer when you want to turn your brain on.”

Reams of academic studies over the decades have amply confirmed television’s pernicious mental and moral influences. And most TV watchers know that their habit is mind-numbing and wasteful, but still spend most of their time in front of that box. So turn your TV off and save some brain cells. But be cautious, you can turn your brain off by using a computer also. Try and have an intelligent conversation with someone who plays first person shooters for 8 hours a day. Or auto race games, or role-playing games.
7. Steve Jobs said: “I’m the only person I know that’s lost a quarter of a billion dollars in one year…. It’s very character-building.”

Don’t equate making mistakes with being a mistake. There is no such thing as a successful person who has not failed or made mistakes, there are successful people who made mistakes and changed their lives or performance in response to them, and so got it right the next time. They viewed mistakes as warnings rather than signs of hopeless inadequacy. Never making a mistake means never living life to the full.
8. Steve Jobs said: “I would trade all of my technology for an afternoon with Socrates.”

Over the last decade, numerous books featuring lessons from historical figures have appeared on the shelves of bookstores around the world. And Socrates stands with Leonardo da Vinci, Nicholas Copernicus, Charles Darwin and Albert Einstein as a beacon of inspiration for independent thinkers. But he came first. Cicero said of Socrates that, “He called philosophy down from the skies and into the lives of men.” So use Socrates’ principles in your life, your work, your learning, and your relationships. It’s not about Socrates, it’s really about you, and how you can bring more truth, beauty and goodness into your life everyday.
9. Steve Jobs said: “We’re here to put a dent in the universe. Otherwise why else even be here?”

Did you know that you have big things to accomplish in life? And did you know that those big things are getting rather dusty while you pour yourself another cup of coffee, and decide to mull things over rather than do them? We were all born with a gift to give in life, one which informs all of our desires, interests, passions and curiosities. This gift is, in fact, our purpose. And you don’t need permission to decide your own purpose. No boss, teacher, parent, priest or other authority can decide this for you. Just find that unique purpose.

10. Steve Jobs said: “Your time is limited, so don’t waste it living someone else’s life. Don’t be trapped by dogma – which is living with the results of other people’s thinking. Don’t let the noise of other’s opinions drown out your own inner voice. And most important, have the courage to follow your heart and intuition. They somehow already know what you truly want to become. Everything else is secondary.”
Are you tired of living someone else’s dream? No doubt, its your life and you have every right to spend it in your own individual way without any hurdles or barriers from others. Give yourself a chance to nurture your creative qualities in a fear-free and pressure-free climate. Live a life that YOU choose and be your own boss.
Each lesson might be difficult to integrate into your life at first, but if you ease your way into each lesson, one at a time, you’ll notice an immediate improvement in your overall performance. So go ahead, give them a try.